Editors are responsible for deciding which articles submitted to journals should be published.
Editors may be guided by the discretion of the journal's editorial board and limited by applicable legal requirements regarding defamation, copyright infringement, and plagiarism. The editor may confer with other editors or reviewers in making this decision.
Editors are objective when evaluating manuscripts as appropriate for their intellectual content without regard to race, gender, sexual orientation, religious beliefs, ethnic origin, nationality, or political philosophy of the authors.
Editors and editorial staff must not disclose any information about submitted manuscripts to anyone other than the appropriate authors, reviewers, prospective reviewers, other editorial advisors and publishers, as appropriate.
No conflict of interest
Unpublished material disclosed in submitted manuscripts may not be used in the editor's own research without the written consent of the author.
Contribution to Editorial Decisions
Peer reviews assist editors in making editorial decisions and through editorial communication with authors can also assist authors in improving papers.
Any selected reviewer who feels unqualified to review the research reported in a manuscript or knows that a rapid review is not possible, must notify the editor and withdraw from the review process.
Any manuscript received for review must be treated as a confidential document. They may not be shown or discussed with others except as permitted by the editor.
The review must be carried out objectively. Personal criticism of the author is inappropriate. Reviewers must express their views clearly with supporting arguments.
Reviewers should identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors. Any statement that an observation, derivation, or argument has been previously reported must be accompanied by a relevant citation. The reviewer should also call the editor's attention any substantial similarities or overlaps between the manuscript under consideration and other published papers of which they have personal knowledge.
No conflict of interest
Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal gain. Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have a conflict of interest arising from competition, collaboration, or any other relationship or connection with the author, company, or institution to which the paper is connected.
Authors of the original research report must present an accurate account of the work done as well as an objective discussion of its significance. The underlying data must be represented accurately in the paper. A paper must contain sufficient detail and references to allow others to replicate the work. False or intentionally inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable.
Originality and Plagiarism
The authors must ensure that they have written the entirely original work, and if the author has used the work and/or words of others that this has been properly cited or cited.
Multiple, Redundant, or Concurrent Publications
An author may not generally publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal or major publication. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal at the same time constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable.
Proper acknowledgment of the work of others must always be given. Authors should cite publications that were influential in determining the nature of the reported work.
Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, conduct, or interpretation of the reported research. All who have made significant contributions must be listed as co-authors. Where there are others who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project, they must be recognized or listed as contributors.
The lead author must ensure that other authors named on the manuscript are appropriate and that no other inappropriate authors are included on the paper, and that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the paper and have approved its submission for publication.
No conflict of interest
All authors must disclose in their manuscripts any financial or other substantive conflicts of interest that could be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their manuscripts. All sources of financial support for the project must be disclosed.
Fundamental errors in published works
When an author discovers significant errors or inaccuracies in his self-published work, it is the author's obligation to promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper.